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Research: Sawmill Database

Alpha-Numeric Key: JE-1
Corporate Name: Moon logging outfit
Local Name:
Owner Name: R. G. and L. A. Moon
Location: Various counties
County: Jefferson
Years in Operation: 14 years
Start Year: 1892
End Year: 1905
Decades: 1890-1899,1900-1909
Period of Operation: 1892 to 1905
Town: Various counties
Company Town: 2
Peak Town Size: Unknown
Mill Pond:
Type of Mill: Sawlogs and sawtimber
Sawmill Pine Sawmill Hardwood Sawmill Cypress Sawmill
Planer Planer Only Shingle Paper
Plywood Cotton Grist Unknown
Power Source: Steam and animal
Horse Mule Oxen Water
Water Overshot Water Turbine Diesel Unknown
Pit Steam Steam Circular Steam Band
Gas Electricity Other
Maximum Capacity: 
Capacity Comments: Unknown
Rough Lumber Planed Lumber Crossties Timbers
Lathe Ceiling Unknown Beading
Flooring Paper Plywood Particle Board
Treated Other
Equipment: Log wagons, log carts, oxen, mules, horses, skidding tongs, cant hooks, chains, locomotives, tram cars, etc.
Company Tram:
Associated Railroads: Unknown
Historicial Development: R. G. and L. A. Moon ran logging outfits in southeast Texas from the 1890s to after 1900. They were logging at Village Mills (formerly Long Station) for Village Mills Company, a subsidiary of an interlocking, family-related timber and lumber business from Beaumont. J. F. Keith Lumber Company, in 1899, contracted the Moons to supply pine sawlogs, fourteen inches and up, to their sawmill at Hook's Switch in Hardin County. Keith Lumber had purchased the sawmill plant there that year from Hooks Brothers Lumber Company. Moon was authorized to use T. J. Hooks tram road, locomotives and other equipment as necessary. Moon did its logging on the Francisco Ariola, Bentura Yonososa leagues. The Moons moved on to Kirby Lumber at Ariola, formerly Sharon, in 1903, and then on to McShane Lumber Company at Dearborn, in Hardin County, the next year. McShane Lumber, of Omaha, Nebraska, wanted Moon to supply pine (ten-inch and up) and hardwood (as specified) to the plant at $2.75 per 1,000 feet of pine and $4.75 per 1,000 feet of hardwood. McShane promised to supply at least two locomotives and thirty tram cars, running westerly and southeasterly from the mill through almost 15,000 acres of land of the Hardin County school lands. The “entire logging outfit” of R. G. and L. A. Moon of Hardin County in 1905 was recorded in a chattel mortgage filed at the courthouse. Animals and equipment included twelve mules, two horses, twenty-one oxen, five log carts, a small log cart, five pairs of skidding tongs, twenty cant hooks, chains, hammers, bits, tools, locomotive tools and long chains for the logging cars. Robert G. Moon received a patent for the R. G. Moon Log Cart, a high tongue, two-wheel cart for skidding timber. An advertisement for the cart claimed that it would “raise and carry logs from 12 to 70 feet in length. . . . and a team will put on 25 per cent more timber with it than another rig, and no more labor to do so than with the old rigs.”
Research Date: MCJ 03-12-96
Prepared By: M Johnson