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Research: Sawmill Database

Alpha-Numeric Key: JA-83
Corporate Name: Simon Wiess
Local Name:
Owner Name: Simon Wiess
Location: Grant's Bluff, also known as Wiess Bluff
County: Jasper
Years in Operation: 3 years
Start Year: 1838
End Year: 1840
Decades: 1830-1839,1840-1849
Period of Operation: About 1838 to the early 1840s
Town: Grant's Bluff (Wiess Bluff)
Company Town: 2
Peak Town Size: Normally 150, never more than 500
Mill Pond:
Type of Mill: Squared timbers for log houses
Sawmill Pine Sawmill Hardwood Sawmill Cypress Sawmill
Planer Planer Only Shingle Paper
Plywood Cotton Grist Unknown
Other
Power Source: Animal (horse-driven peck mill), perhaps water-power later
Horse Mule Oxen Water
Water Overshot Water Turbine Diesel Unknown
Pit Steam Steam Circular Steam Band
Gas Electricity Other
Maximum Capacity: 1000: 1840
Capacity Comments: No more than a 1000 to 1500 feet daily; if water-powered, possibly as much as 2500 to 3000 feet daily
Produced:
Rough Lumber Planed Lumber Crossties Timbers
Lathe Ceiling Unknown Beading
Flooring Paper Plywood Particle Board
Treated Other
Equipment: An adz sawmill, also known as a “peck” mill because of its multiple adzes attached to a wheel for squaring small trees. This kind of mill was normally powered by a mule or ox.
Company Tram:
Associated Railroads: None
Historicial Development: Before 1840, the area of Wiess Bluff was known as Grant Bluff. Simon Wiess, a Jewish immigrant from Poland, was the leading commercial factor at the Bluff for thirty years. Before the War, Wiess Bluff was connected by a twice-a-week-stage route to San Augustine. Weiss began manufacturing lumber along the Neches River about 1842. According to W. T. Block, this was an adz sawmill, also known as a “peck” mill because of its multiple adzes attached to a wheel for squaring small trees. This kind of mill was normally powered by a mule or ox. The mill may have been converted later to steam.
Research Date: JKG 12-28-93, MCJ 01-08-96
Prepared By: J. Gerland, M. Johnson