follow us on twitter   follow us on facebook  

Email Page Print Page

Research: Sawmill Database

Alpha-Numeric Key: MO-162
Corporate Name: Keystone Mills Company
Local Name:
Owner Name: Keystone Mills Company with T. H. Garrett, President). E. L. Arnold and O. W. Perkins).
Location: Waukegan, between Youens and Timber, east of Conroe
County: Montgomery
Years in Operation: 30 years
Start Year: 1899
End Year: 1928
Decades: 1890-1899,1900-1909,1910-1919,1920-1929
Period of Operation: Arnold & Perkins,1896; Keystone Mills,1899 to 1928
Town: Waukegan, east of Conroe
Company Town: 1
Peak Town Size: 1000 in 1928
Mill Pond:
Type of Mill: Yellow pine (30% board stock70% ties and timbers) and “planing mill patterns.” 1928: longleaf and shortleaf yellow pine.
Sawmill Pine Sawmill Hardwood Sawmill Cypress Sawmill
Planer Planer Only Shingle Paper
Plywood Cotton Grist Unknown
Power Source: Steam
Horse Mule Oxen Water
Water Overshot Water Turbine Diesel Unknown
Pit Steam Steam Circular Steam Band
Gas Electricity Other
Maximum Capacity: 75000: 1904100000: 190640000: 191540000: 1928
Capacity Comments: 75,000 feet daily in 1904; 100,000 feet in 1906; saw mill, 40,000 feet in 1915 and 1928.
Rough Lumber Planed Lumber Crossties Timbers
Lathe Ceiling Unknown Beading
Flooring Paper Plywood Particle Board
Treated Other
Equipment: Sawmill and planing mill. 1928: Circular sawmill, planing mill, edgers, trimmers, electric light plant, commissary.
Company Tram:
Associated Railroads: Gulf Colorado and Gulf and the Waukegan Transportation Company
Historicial Development: The Keystone mill at Waukegan appeared in several directories and lists of sawmills between the years 1904 and 1915. Daily capacities ranged from 40,000 to 100,000 feet. The Galveston Daily News reported on September 12, 1896, that the mill was “running on full time.” On July 1, 1896, the mill paid $1,280 to the General Land Office for the timber on county school lands. This mill prior to Keystone Mills belonged to E. L. Arnold and O. P. Perkins, which they sold to Keystone in 1899. On January 1, 1899, Arnold sold his interest in the operations to Perkins. Perkins, in return for $5,000, received Arnold's interest in the sawmill, including the planing mill and its machinery, the engines and boilers, all houses and sheds, one Shay locomotive, seven log cars, four log carts, one wagon, one mule, thirty-four oxen, three miles of railroad iron on the tram road, 400,000 of sawed lumber, and the commissary and merchandise. The Keystone Mills Company, of Conroe, Texas (officers: T. H. Garrett, president; J. F. Floyd, vice-president; and W. H. secretary-treasurer), organized in February 1899 with a d capitalization of $30,000. On February 16, 1899, Perkins sold the sawmill and planing mill to Keystone Mills Company (T. H. Garrett, President) for $6,282 in cash and 12 notes each for $500. Keystone received the sawmill, seventeen yokes of oxen, four log carts, seven tram cars, four and a quarter miles of iron tram rails of which one and a quarter miles were mounted on the tram, a Shay locomotive, fifty cottages, the commissary, mules, uncut timber, etc. The Waukegan Transportation Company, according to Strapac, operated four locomotives over the company logging narrow gauge tram road.
Research Date: JKG 8-20-93, MCJ 03-20-96
Prepared By: J. Gerland, M. Johnson