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Research: Sawmill Database

Alpha-Numeric Key: WD-63
Corporate Name: R. Marshall Kay & Co.
Local Name:
Owner Name: R. Marshall Kay & Co. Kay & Kay.
Location: Northwest several miles of Hawkins
County: Wood
Years in Operation: 11 years
Start Year: 1868
End Year: 1878
Decades: 1860-1869,1870-1879
Period of Operation: 1868 to 1878
Town: Hawkins
Company Town: 2
Peak Town Size: Unknown
Mill Pond:
Type of Mill: Lumber
Sawmill Pine Sawmill Hardwood Sawmill Cypress Sawmill
Planer Planer Only Shingle Paper
Plywood Cotton Grist Unknown
Power Source: Probably steam
Horse Mule Oxen Water
Water Overshot Water Turbine Diesel Unknown
Pit Steam Steam Circular Steam Band
Gas Electricity Other
Maximum Capacity: 
Capacity Comments: Unknown
Rough Lumber Planed Lumber Crossties Timbers
Lathe Ceiling Unknown Beading
Flooring Paper Plywood Particle Board
Treated Other
Equipment: Sawmill
Company Tram:
Associated Railroads: Texas & Pacific
Historicial Development: Timothy K. Perttula et al. noted that the Kay & Kay sawmill was located several miles northwest of present-day Hawkins. Kay & Kay were succeeded by R. Marshall Kay & Co in 1870. n 1870, the capital investment of the Kay & Co. sawmill, according to that year's Census Products of Industry Schedule, was d to be $7,000. In ten months of operations, ten men were employed at a total wage of $3,600. Six men worked at the grist mill for six months. The sawmill manufactured 1,000,000 feet of lumber valued at $20,000. The grist mill produced cornmeal valued at $1,300.
Research Date: MCJ 04-22-96
Prepared By: M. Johnson