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Research: Sawmill Database

Alpha-Numeric Key: UP-135
Corporate Name: W. & H. Wilkins Lumber Mill & Cotton Gin
Local Name:
Owner Name: W. & H. Wilkins Lumber Mill & Cotton Gin
Location: Unknown
County: Upshur
Years in Operation: 2 years
Start Year: 1869
End Year: 1870
Decades: 1860-1869,1870-1879
Period of Operation: 1869 to 1870
Town: Unknown
Company Town: 2
Peak Town Size: Unknown
Mill Pond:
Type of Mill: Lumber and cotton
Sawmill Pine Sawmill Hardwood Sawmill Cypress Sawmill
Planer Planer Only Shingle Paper
Plywood Cotton Grist Unknown
Other
Power Source: 50-horsepower steam engine
Horse Mule Oxen Water
Water Overshot Water Turbine Diesel Unknown
Pit Steam Steam Circular Steam Band
Gas Electricity Other
Maximum Capacity: 
Capacity Comments: 932,000 feet of pine, sweetgum, and walnut during the reporting period of the Census
Produced:
Rough Lumber Planed Lumber Crossties Timbers
Lathe Ceiling Unknown Beading
Flooring Paper Plywood Particle Board
Treated Other
Equipment: Sawmill and cotton gin
Company Tram:
Associated Railroads: Unknown
Historicial Development: The Wilkins Lumber Mill & Cotton Gin firm with its sawmill and cotton gin operation was d a capital investment of $5,300, according to the Census of 1870. Raw materials included $4,000 worth of pine logs at $2,000, thirty sweetgum logs worth $15, fifty walnut logs at $75, and 21,600 pounds of raw cotton worth $844. Eight men were employed in the sawmill for twelve months at a total wage of $3,500, and two men at the gin for two months at a total wage of $83. The operation manufactured 900,000 feet of pine lumber valued at $9,000; 12,000 feet of sweetgum lumber valued at $240; 20,000 feet of walnut lumber valued at $600; and ginned 7,200 pounds of cotton valued at $1,269.
Research Date: MCJ 05-03-96
Prepared By: M. Johnson