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Research: Sawmill Database

Alpha-Numeric Key: TY-57
Corporate Name: Spring Creek Lumber Company
Local Name:
Owner Name: Spring Creek Lumber Company
Location: Spring Creek area of northern Tyler County
County: Tyler
Years in Operation: 11 years
Start Year: 1880
End Year: 1890
Decades: 1880-1889,1890-1899
Period of Operation: 1880s to 1890
Town: Spring Creek
Company Town: 1
Peak Town Size: 200 before 1890. Commissary, tenant housing, town hall.
Mill Pond:
Type of Mill: Rough and finished lumber
Sawmill Pine Sawmill Hardwood Sawmill Cypress Sawmill
Planer Planer Only Shingle Paper
Plywood Cotton Grist Unknown
Power Source: Steam
Horse Mule Oxen Water
Water Overshot Water Turbine Diesel Unknown
Pit Steam Steam Circular Steam Band
Gas Electricity Other
Maximum Capacity: 30000: 1885
Capacity Comments: 30,000 feet daily
Rough Lumber Planed Lumber Crossties Timbers
Lathe Ceiling Unknown Beading
Flooring Paper Plywood Particle Board
Treated Other
Equipment: Sawmill and planing mill
Company Tram:
Associated Railroads: Texas & New Orleans
Historicial Development: Mary Erwin, noted Reed in A History of the Texas Railroads and of the Transportation Conditions under Spain and Mexico and the Republic and the State, wrote in the Lufkin News in 1940 that the Spring Creek Lumber Company of Tyler County operated the first logging tram in East Texas in 1880. W. T. Block, the Nederland historian, records, without primary sources, that the Spring Creek sawmill was owned by James and H. E. Craig. The sawmill cutting capacity was 30,000 feet daily and that of the planing mill 20,000 feet. The sawmill community consisted of about 200 people, town hall, general store, and a post office. No primary sources document that a Spring Creek Lumber Company existed in Tyler County during that timeframe. According to the Lufkin Daily News article; however, this mill and its tram road was sold to the Aldridge Lumber Company operating the nearby Rockland sawmill plant. It is not known if Aldridge incorporated the sawmill plant as he did the tram road into his operations at Rockland.
Research Date: MCJ 02-21-96
Prepared By: M. Johnson