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Research: Sawmill Database

Alpha-Numeric Key: PK-2
Corporate Name: Menard & McKinney
Local Name:
Owner Name: M. B. Menard & Thomas F. McKinney
Location: Menard Creek
County: Liberty?Polk
Years in Operation: 16 years
Start Year: 1833
End Year: 1848
Decades: 1830-1839,1840-1849
Period of Operation: 1833 to 1848
Town: Along Menard Creek
Company Town: 0
Peak Town Size: None
Mill Pond:
Type of Mill: Lumber
Sawmill Pine Sawmill Hardwood Sawmill Cypress Sawmill
Planer Planer Only Shingle Paper
Plywood Cotton Grist Unknown
Power Source: Steam
Horse Mule Oxen Water
Water Overshot Water Turbine Diesel Unknown
Pit Steam Steam Circular Steam Band
Gas Electricity Other
Maximum Capacity: 3000: 1833
Capacity Comments: About 3,000 feet daily.
Rough Lumber Planed Lumber Crossties Timbers
Lathe Ceiling Unknown Beading
Flooring Paper Plywood Particle Board
Treated Other
Equipment: Upright sash saw
Company Tram:
Associated Railroads: None
Historicial Development: M. B. Menard and Thomas F. McKinney operated a sawmill along Menard Creek for about fifteen years. Menard was the founder of Galveston and McKinney was one of its first merchants and a financier for the Revolution. McKinney belonged to the biggest economic firm in Texas (McKinney, Williams, and Company), which built McKinney's steamboats at Galveston. The lumber from Menard Creek was undoubtedly shipped to Galveston. The writings of Sam Houston reveal that McKinney was floating cotton down the Angelina River to Sabine Pass as early as 1830. In 1842, two slaves working at the mill died when its boiler exploded. It dismantled in 1848 when it had cutout the timber.
Research Date: MCJ 02-26-96
Prepared By: M. Johnson