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Research: Sawmill Database

Alpha-Numeric Key: PA-121
Corporate Name: R. L and Jim Thornton
Local Name:
Owner Name: R. L. and Jim Thornton. J. S. Edens. Bowen & Crawford.
Location: Unknown
County: Panola
Years in Operation: 2 years
Start Year: 1904
End Year: 1905
Decades: 1900-1909
Period of Operation: 1904 to 1905
Town: Unknown
Company Town: 2
Peak Town Size: Unknown
Mill Pond:
Type of Mill: Lumber
Sawmill Pine Sawmill Hardwood Sawmill Cypress Sawmill
Planer Planer Only Shingle Paper
Plywood Cotton Grist Unknown
Power Source: 1904: Ames 20-horsepower steam engine. 1905: 8-inch by 12”-inch c-c Huntsville engine, 6-inch by 12-inch Cooper engine and a boiler.
Horse Mule Oxen Water
Water Overshot Water Turbine Diesel Unknown
Pit Steam Steam Circular Steam Band
Gas Electricity Other
Maximum Capacity: 
Capacity Comments: Unknown
Rough Lumber Planed Lumber Crossties Timbers
Lathe Ceiling Unknown Beading
Flooring Paper Plywood Particle Board
Treated Other
Equipment: Sawmill
Company Tram:
Associated Railroads: Texas, Sabine Valley & Northwestern, became Texas & Gulf in 1905
Historicial Development: J. S. Edens began his milling career in Panola when he bought equipment on mortgage from the Bowen & Crawford sawmill for $250 in 1904. The equipment included an Ames steam engine, forty-five feet of belting, and four yoke of oxen. Edens sold the sawmill machinery, oxen, and wagons to R. L. and Jim Thornton for $4,800 on January 20, 1905.
Research Date: MCJ 02-08-96
Prepared By: M Johnson