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Research: Sawmill Database

Alpha-Numeric Key: NA-30
Corporate Name: Williams and Sons
Local Name:
Owner Name: Buck Williams and sons Grover, Houston, and Elmer along with J. L. Dedman
Location: Caro: intersection of 814 and 815, north of Southern Pacific tracks
County: Nacogdoches
Years in Operation: 8 years
Start Year: 1936
End Year: 1943
Decades: 1930-1939,1940-1949
Period of Operation: 1936 to 1943
Town: Near Caro
Company Town: 1
Peak Town Size: Unknown
Mill Pond:
Type of Mill: Rough lumber
Sawmill Pine Sawmill Hardwood Sawmill Cypress Sawmill
Planer Planer Only Shingle Paper
Plywood Cotton Grist Unknown
Power Source: Steam
Horse Mule Oxen Water
Water Overshot Water Turbine Diesel Unknown
Pit Steam Steam Circular Steam Band
Gas Electricity Other
Maximum Capacity: 25000: 1939
Capacity Comments: About 25,000 feet daily
Rough Lumber Planed Lumber Crossties Timbers
Lathe Ceiling Unknown Beading
Flooring Paper Plywood Particle Board
Treated Other
Equipment: Sawmill
Company Tram:
Associated Railroads: Texas & New Orleans
Historicial Development: Buck Williams leased from Jno. C. Saner the old site near Caro known as the “Planer pasture” of the Saner-Whiteman Lumber Company, its old planing mill area, for a period of three years from January 1, 1936 to December 31, 1938. It was near the area of the former Galloway and Garrison Lumber Company sawmill site of thirty years earlier. Williams intended to build a sawmill, a commissary, and tenant houses. Saner permitted Williams to renew the leases for five years on December 28, 1938. Williams was in partnership with J. L. Dedman in the Garrison Lumber Company at the same time. He also was running a small sawmill near Patroon in Shelby County. Claude Bryant referred to this mill in his book as the “Dedman Mill at Caro (Caro Lumber Company).” As Dedman and Williams relationships went back to Upshur County at least fifteen years earlier, as they were involved in other sawmills in Nacogdoches County during this period, and as Dedman is not but Williams is listed in county records with a mill at Caro, it follows that Williams and Sons at Caro also had J. L. Dedman involved in some capacity there. After World War II, Williams and his sons moved their operations to Orange County.
Research Date: MCJ 02-10-96
Prepared By: M Johnson