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Research: Sawmill Database

Alpha-Numeric Key: MO-10
Corporate Name: C. C. Amsler and Sons
Local Name:
Owner Name: Amsler and Burns. C. C. Amsler and Sons.
Location: 19th Subdivision, 1870 and 1880 Census, Danville post office (near Magnolia)
County: Montgomery
Years in Operation: 14 years
Start Year: 1869
End Year: 1882
Decades: 1860-1869,1870-1879,1880-1889
Period of Operation: 1869 to 1882
Town: Danville post office
Company Town: 1
Peak Town Size: Unknown
Mill Pond:
Type of Mill: Lumber and cornmeal
Sawmill Pine Sawmill Hardwood Sawmill Cypress Sawmill
Planer Planer Only Shingle Paper
Plywood Cotton Grist Unknown
Power Source: 30-horsepower steam engine
Horse Mule Oxen Water
Water Overshot Water Turbine Diesel Unknown
Pit Steam Steam Circular Steam Band
Gas Electricity Other
Maximum Capacity: 
Capacity Comments: 700,000 feet of lumber during the reporting period of the 1870 Census
Rough Lumber Planed Lumber Crossties Timbers
Lathe Ceiling Unknown Beading
Flooring Paper Plywood Particle Board
Treated Other
Equipment: Sawmill and grist mill
Company Tram:
Associated Railroads: None
Historicial Development: Amsler and Burns operated a 30-horsepower steam sawmill and grist mill in Montgomery County for six months during the census year ending June 1, 1870. They employed twelve men and two women, paid around $5000 in wages during the six months, and produced 700,000 feet of lumber (valued at $10,000). The owners had $8000 invested in the mill. This is one of the first documented mill towns. Vera Dugas, in an article, noted that Amsler was paying from eighty cents to a dollar and twenty cents daily for work. He charged $12.00 per 1,000 feet of rough lumber and $17.00 for the same amount of planed lumber. Company employees took one-fifth of their earnings in merchandise at the company commissary. They also received “‘free houses, gardens, and wood and the privilege of keeping horses and cows, which would increase wages about 15 per cent,'” estimated Dugas. In 1880, fall prices and mechanization depressed rough-cut lumber to $7 per thousand feet and $10-$13 for a thousand feet of dressed. The Grimes County deed records note that in 1882, C. Amsler & Bro filed a mechanic's lien, which D. Hearn had signed two years earlier, on the latter's dwelling at Wallace Prairie, which Amsler & Brother had built.
Research Date: JKG 9-22-93, MCJ 03-19-96
Prepared By: J. Gerland, M. Johnson