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Research: Sawmill Database

Alpha-Numeric Key: MA-7
Corporate Name: Caddo Lake Shingle Company
Local Name: Shanghai Mill
Owner Name: Caddo Lake Shingle Company of Brown Lumber Company with George W. Brown and Hugh Williams. R. R. Taylor.
Location: Jefferson, on Big Cypress Bayou
County: Marion
Years in Operation: 8 years
Start Year: 1900
End Year: 1907
Decades: 1900-1909
Period of Operation: 1900 to 1907
Town: Jefferson, on Big Cypress Bayou
Company Town: 1
Peak Town Size: 2,850 in 1905
Mill Pond:
Type of Mill: Whole yellow pine and cypress shingles
Sawmill Pine Sawmill Hardwood Sawmill Cypress Sawmill
Planer Planer Only Shingle Paper
Plywood Cotton Grist Unknown
Power Source: Steam
Horse Mule Oxen Water
Water Overshot Water Turbine Diesel Unknown
Pit Steam Steam Circular Steam Band
Gas Electricity Other
Maximum Capacity: 
Capacity Comments: Unknown
Rough Lumber Planed Lumber Crossties Timbers
Lathe Ceiling Unknown Beading
Flooring Paper Plywood Particle Board
Treated Other
Equipment: Shingle mill
Company Tram:
Associated Railroads: Texas & Pacific; Missouri, Kansas City & Texas
Historicial Development: Brown Lumber Company was manufacturing cypress and pine shingles at Jefferson according to the Reference Book of the Lumbermen's Credit Association, January 1905 and in 1907 editions. The company had originally been owned by R. R. Taylor and was known as the “Shanghai Mill.” It became the Caddo Lake Shingle Company with its shingle mill on Cypress Bayou at Jefferson. In October of 1900, the company was leased to T. Coleman along with the commissary, the gasoline boat and the barges. Cypress Shingle mortgaged its assets to Brown Lumber Company (George W Brown) in 1900. Equipment included a steam engine, a boiler, the buildings, etc. An older boat and three barges were used to tow the product to the company sawmill.
Research Date: JKG 10-1-93, MCJ 05-04-96
Prepared By: J Gerland, M Johnson