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Research: Sawmill Database

Alpha-Numeric Key: CS-148
Corporate Name: Woodsworth Lumber Company
Local Name:
Owner Name: Woodsworth Lumber Company. Woodworth, Venable & Co. Clark, Boice, & Woodworth.
Location: Precinct 5, 1880 U.S. Census (Wayne) (Hoxie). 1893, Bivins.
County: Cass
Years in Operation: 15 years
Start Year: 1879
End Year: 1893
Decades: 1870-1879,1880-1889,1890-1899
Period of Operation: At least 1879 to 1893
Town: Bivins, Wayne, Galloway
Company Town: 1
Peak Town Size: Unknown
Mill Pond:
Type of Mill: Pine lumber
Sawmill Pine Sawmill Hardwood Sawmill Cypress Sawmill
Planer Planer Only Shingle Paper
Plywood Cotton Grist Unknown
Power Source: Steam
Horse Mule Oxen Water
Water Overshot Water Turbine Diesel Unknown
Pit Steam Steam Circular Steam Band
Gas Electricity Other
Maximum Capacity: 45000: 1893
Capacity Comments: 6,000,000 board feet produced in the Census reporting period of 1879 to 1880. 45,000 feet daily in 1893.
Rough Lumber Planed Lumber Crossties Timbers
Lathe Ceiling Unknown Beading
Flooring Paper Plywood Particle Board
Treated Other
Equipment: 1880: A sawmill with two circulars and a gang saw powered by an eighty-horsepower steam engine. 1884: sawmill and planing mill.
Company Tram:
Associated Railroads: Texas & Pacific
Historicial Development: The company of Clark, Boice, & Woodworth had a sawmill at Bivins, located about one mile south of Wayne, known later as Galloway; the town was next to the tracks of the Texas & Pacific. The Clark & Boice Lumber Company, according to the Census of 1880 was situated in Precinct 5, near Wayne. The mill was d a capital value of $30,000. Operating six months full time and the rest half time, the mill produced six million board feet from $40,000 worth of logs and supplies. Wages totaled $9,000. Net revenue was $11,000 for the reporting period. Logging was done in the immediate area of the sawmill. The company did not engage in remanufacturing. Fifty to seventy-five men were employed at the mill, working eleven-hour shifts in the summer and ten-hour shifts during the winter. They were paid from $1.50 to $3.00 per day's work. August Faviel helped move the Clark & Boice mill to Jefferson, Marion County, sometime in 1880. Woodworth remained at Bivins and constructed a new mill, with Clark & Boice help. Listed as Clark, Boice, & Woodworth in an 1884 railroad directory as manufacturing pine lumber at its sawmill and planing mill, by 1893, the firm had become the Woodsworth Lumber Company (a misspelling) and was reported to be cutting 45,000 feet daily at Bivins. It is reasonable to assume that Clark & Boice sold out to Woodworth to concentrate on what would be a fifty-year sawmill operation at Jefferson. John D. Hanes misidentifies the owner of the second plant as an individual named Woodward. Woodward and Bivins & Co jointly operated a tram road. George Venable had an interest in this sawmill as well as the Bivins & Company plant.
Research Date: MCJ 04-04-96
Prepared By: M Johnson