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Research: Sawmill Database

Alpha-Numeric Key: CK-80
Corporate Name: Butter Gin & Crate Company
Local Name:
Owner Name: Butter Gin & Crate Company. W. A. Spears Lumber Company
Location: Five miles northwest of Alto
County: Cherokee
Years in Operation: 17 years
Start Year: 1928
End Year: 1944
Decades: 1920-1929,1930-1939,1940-1949
Period of Operation: 1928 to 1944
Town: Northwest of Alto
Company Town: 2
Peak Town Size: 3500 in 1928; 1053 in 1934
Mill Pond:
Type of Mill: Manufactured black and red gum, red and white oak, shortleaf pine, crossties and shingles
Sawmill Pine Sawmill Hardwood Sawmill Cypress Sawmill
Planer Planer Only Shingle Paper
Plywood Cotton Grist Unknown
Power Source: steam
Horse Mule Oxen Water
Water Overshot Water Turbine Diesel Unknown
Pit Steam Steam Circular Steam Band
Gas Electricity Other
Maximum Capacity: 8000: 1928
Capacity Comments: 8,000 feet daily
Rough Lumber Planed Lumber Crossties Timbers
Lathe Ceiling Unknown Beading
Flooring Paper Plywood Particle Board
Treated Other
Equipment: Circular saw mill and dry kilns
Company Tram:
Associated Railroads: St. Louis Southwestern (Cotton Belt)
Historicial Development: The W. A. Spears Lumber Company mill plant appeared in the 1928 edition of the Southern Lumberman's sawmill directory. Lufkin Daily News reported in 1943 that the sawmill had been operating northwest of Alto for many years. W. A. Spears sold to the Butter Gin & Crate Company “1 complete sawmill, carriage, saws, Allis-Chalmers PU, mill shed, machinery known as the the Spears sawmill” for $2300 in 1944.
Research Date: JKG 10-12-93, MCJ 01-24-96
Prepared By: J. Gerland, M Johnson