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Research: Sawmill Database

Alpha-Numeric Key: AG-166
Corporate Name: W. H. Bonner
Local Name:
Owner Name: W. H. Bonner
Location: Beat No. 2, the S. Underwood Grant
County: Angelina
Years in Operation: 4 years
Start Year: 1877
End Year: 1880
Decades: 1870-1879,1880-1889
Period of Operation: 1877 to 1882
Town: Beat No. 2
Company Town: 2
Peak Town Size: Unknown
Mill Pond:
Type of Mill: Lumber
Sawmill Pine Sawmill Hardwood Sawmill Cypress Sawmill
Planer Planer Only Shingle Paper
Plywood Cotton Grist Unknown
Other
Power Source: Steam
Horse Mule Oxen Water
Water Overshot Water Turbine Diesel Unknown
Pit Steam Steam Circular Steam Band
Gas Electricity Other
Maximum Capacity: 
Capacity Comments: 190,000 board feet in Census year
Produced:
Rough Lumber Planed Lumber Crossties Timbers
Lathe Ceiling Unknown Beading
Flooring Paper Plywood Particle Board
Treated Other
Equipment: A circular sawmill
Company Tram:
Associated Railroads: None
Historicial Development: W. H. Bonner, in the 1877 Angelina County tax records, had a $1,000 value in tools, machinery, and the steam engine and boilers. The mill was located on the S. Underwood Grant. According to census records for the year ending May 31, 1880, W.H. Bonner ran a sawmill in Angelina County in what was then called “Beat No. 2.” The amount of investment in the mill was d at $2600. Bonner employed seven hands (three under sixteen years of age), and paid them between $0.75 and $1.00 per eight hour day. Bonner did his own logging, and ran the mill only three months at three-quarters time during the year. The mill was driven by an 18-horsepower steam engine. By 1882, he was operating on the J. Hardin and J. Benton grants in the county. R. W. Haltom's 1888 history of Angelina County makes no mention of W. H. Bonner's sawmill, which could, but not necessarily, indicate the mill was no longer active.
Research Date: JKG 9-20-93, MCJ 01-17-96
Prepared By: J. Gerland, M Johnson