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Research: Sawmill Database

Alpha-Numeric Key: AG-116
Corporate Name: Martin Wagon Company
Local Name:
Owner Name: Martin Wagon Company. Turner-Cummings Hardwood Company.
Location: Renfro land on Johnson Chandler Survey
County: Angelina
Years in Operation: 5 years
Start Year: 1915
End Year: 1919
Decades: 1910-1919
Period of Operation: 1915 to 1919
Town: Manning
Company Town: 1
Peak Town Size: 3000 in 1928
Mill Pond:
Type of Mill: White and red oak, gum, white ash, hickory, and holly
Sawmill Pine Sawmill Hardwood Sawmill Cypress Sawmill
Planer Planer Only Shingle Paper
Plywood Cotton Grist Unknown
Other
Power Source: Steam
Horse Mule Oxen Water
Water Overshot Water Turbine Diesel Unknown
Pit Steam Steam Circular Steam Band
Gas Electricity Other
Maximum Capacity: 8000: 1915
Capacity Comments: 8,000 feet daily
Produced:
Rough Lumber Planed Lumber Crossties Timbers
Lathe Ceiling Unknown Beading
Flooring Paper Plywood Particle Board
Treated Other
Equipment: Sawmill
Company Tram:
Associated Railroads: Shreveport, Houston and Gulf
Historicial Development: The Turner-Cummings mill at Manning, Angelina County, appeared in the U.S. Department of Commerce's 1915 directory of sawmills. It cut hardwoods exclusively, and produced wagon and dimension stock for the export lumber trade. The largest size stock the mill could furnish was 12'x14”x12”. This small mill was not in direct competition with the large Carter-Kelley mill at Manning, because Carter-Kelley cut only longleaf pine and Turner-Cummings did not cut any pine, only available hardwoods. In July, 1919, C. N. Cummings and B. P. Turner sold their plant to Martin Wagon Company. The mill was located on land owned by John F. Renfro and owned almost 1,200 acres of stumpage in the counties of Milam, Burleson, and Lee.
Research Date: JKG 10-15-93, MCJ 01-12-96
Prepared By: J. Gerland, M Johnson