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Research: Sawmill Database

Alpha-Numeric Key: LI-89
Corporate Name: Simmons sawmill
Local Name:
Owner Name: Simmons sawmill
Location: On Gailes Creek
County: Liberty
Years in Operation: 2 years
Start Year: 1879
End Year: 1880
Decades: 1870-1879,1880-1889
Period of Operation: 1879 to 1880
Town: near New Caney
Company Town: 2
Peak Town Size: Unknown
Mill Pond:
Type of Mill: Lumber
Sawmill Pine Sawmill Hardwood Sawmill Cypress Sawmill
Planer Planer Only Shingle Paper
Plywood Cotton Grist Unknown
Power Source: 15-horsepower steam engine
Horse Mule Oxen Water
Water Overshot Water Turbine Diesel Unknown
Pit Steam Steam Circular Steam Band
Gas Electricity Other
Maximum Capacity: 
Capacity Comments: 100,000 feet of lumber and 40,000 thousand feet of beading during the reporting period of the Census
Rough Lumber Planed Lumber Crossties Timbers
Lathe Ceiling Unknown Beading
Flooring Paper Plywood Particle Board
Treated Other
Equipment: Sawmill with a circular and and a band saw
Company Tram:
Associated Railroads: Houston East and West Texas
Historicial Development: D. Simmons operated a sawmill and did remanufacturing on Gailes Creek in Liberty County during 1879 to 1880. The Manuscript Census of 1880, reporting for June 1, 1879 to May 31, 1880, detailed the business operations of the sawmill. The sawmill, d a capital value of $1,000, worked five men at peak,and five men normally. The employees received daily wages of $1.00 to $1.50 for ten hours. Simmons paid a total wage of $700. From a total value of $2,300 of supplies and sawlogs, the sawmill manufactured 100,000 feet of lumber and 40,000 thousand feet of beading, valued at a gross worth of $5,000. Simmons employed five men in remanufacturing. The mill operated five months part-time of the twelve-month reporting period.
Research Date: MCJ 03-14-96
Prepared By: M. Johnson